Inspired by the events surrounding the conflict in the Mediterranean during the Second World War, this site is dedicated to give an accurate depiction and description of items from nations involved in the greatest conflict in history. All items depicted are, to the best knowledge of the mediterraneanwar.com team, original and accurately described.
The site name remains as a homage to the inspiration, but within these pages you will be taken on a journey through the pages of history.
The German Reich, the Kingdom of Italy and other Axis partners
On the 1st of September 1939, under the leadership of Adolf Hitler, the German Reich attacked the Republic of Poland. Although the French Republic and the United Kingdom had Military Pacts in force with the Republic of Poland, Hitler was convinced that there was little chance the Western Allies would declare war on the German Reich. However, on the 3rd of September 1939 the United Kingdom, the Republic of France, Australia and New Zealand declared war on Germany. Hopes of a contained conflicted disappeared and the Second World War had started.
On the 10th of June 1940 the Kingdom of Italy, governed by its Fascist dictator Benito Mussolini, declared war on the French Republic and the United Kingdom. Italy’s entry into the conflict brought the war also to the Mediterranean and East-Africa. What was expected by the Italians to be a short victorious war against the French and British to regain “Mare Nostrum” (Our Sea) turned out to be a bitter long conflict bringing devastation to the region and Italy itself.
Although the Empire of Japan was already at war with China in 1937, it was the attack on Pearl Harbour on 7 December 1941 that drew them into the Second World War in totality. A bloody war was waged in the Pacific that is sometimes described as more horrifying than the war that raged in the European Theatre of Operations. On the 6th of August 1945 the United States of America used the nuclear fission device Little Boy against Hiroshima followed by a second called Fat Man against Nagasaki on the 9th of August of the same year, ushering the world into the nuclear age.
The British Commonwealth, the U.S.A. and other Allied partners
Initially comprising of the Republic of Poland, the Republic of France, the United Kingdom, Australia and New Zealand, the Allies of World War II were those countries who opposed the Axis. After initially siding with Hitler, the Soviet Union joined the Allied forces after Operation Barbarossa. From early resistance that culminated in full scale invasion and a war on two fronts, this opposition saw victory on the 8th of May 1945 in Europe and on the 15th of August 1945 in the Pacific theatre of war.
The war raged for almost 6 years and lead to the deaths of more than 60 million people. At the end of the war the entire world had been impacted in some way or another and many countries were left in ruins. To this day this period of history leaves its impact deep within many societies and can truly be called one of the most significant occurrences in modern human history.