Vetterli-(Vitali) Modello Fucile, Moschetto per Truppe Speciali e Moschetto per Cavalleria

Vetterli-(Vitali) of the Model Rifle, Short Rifle, Carbine for Special Troops and Carbine for the Cavalry

Following the Unification of Italy the need arose to replace the Carcano Modello 1867 (Carcano Model 1867). In 1869, under the supervision of Minister of War Cesare Francesco Ricotti-Magnani, a commision is set up to evaluate existing manual repeating rifles with metal cartridges. The choice fell on the Swiss Repetiergewehr Vetterli Modell 1867 featuring a 12 round under barrel tubular magazine and a bolt action feed system.

The combination of a limited budget due to the unification of Italy and short-sighted generals who feared an excessive waste of bullets let to the acceptance of a simplified, cheaper and single shot version called the Vetterli Modello 1870 (Vetterli Model 1870).

The weapon is chambered for a 10.35 × 47 mm R black powder cartridge, but unlike the Swiss, who adopted the rimfire cartridge, the Italians preferred the centerfire cartridge, so they could recharge the precious copper shell casings.

The weapon is officially adopted on the 11th of August 1871.

Sources:
exordinanza.net
gunsmagazine.com
it.wikipedia.org
Cacciavite per modelli di Vetterli-(Vitali)
Cacciavite per modelli di Vetterli-(Vitali)
Screwdriver for the Vetterli-(Vitali) models
Cartuccia Calibro 10.35 × 47 mm. R per Vetterli-Vitali Modello 1870/87
Cartuccia Calibro 10.35 × 47 mm. R per Vetterli-Vitali Modello 1870/87
10.35 × 47 mm. R Caliber Cartridge for the Vetterli-Vitali Model 1870/87
Vetterli-Vitali Modello 1870/87/15 & 1870/87/16 Fucile
Vetterli-Vitali Modello 1870/87/15 & 1870/87/16 Fucile
Vetterli-Vitali Model 1870/87/15 & 1870/87/16 Rifle