American Defense Medal

American Defense Medal

Established June 28,1941 issued to military personnel on active federal service for one year or more between September 8, 1939 and December 7, 1941 ( i.e. Before the declaration of war ) Excluded where Reservists who were less than 10 days on active duty.
But the Navy, USMC and the Coast Guard awarded the medal to all personnel who served on active duty at any time during that period. Provided they had passed their initial physical examinations.

For recognition of foreign and pre-war battle service, the American Defense Service Medal was authorized with the following Clasps/Devices :

* Foreign Service Clasp : U.S. Army for military service outside the continental limits of the US, including service in Alaska.

* Base Clasp: U.S.Navy and USMC for service outside the the continental limits of the US ( service in Hawaii and Alaska qualified).

* Fleet Clasp: U.S.Navy, USMC and US Coast Guard for service on the high seas while regulary attached to any vessel of the Atlantic, Pacific, or Asiatic Fleets as well as vessels of the Naval Transport Service and vessels operating directly under the Chief of Naval Operations.

* Sea Clasp: Coast Guard for all other vessels and aircraft, not qualifying for the Fleet Clasp, which regularly conducted patrols at sea.

* “A” Device: Awarded to any member of the Navy who served duty in actual or potential belligerent contact with Axis Powers in the Atlantic Ocean between June 22, 1941 and December 7, 1941

* Service Star: Worn in lieu of clasps when wearing the American Defense Service Medal as a ribbon on a military uniform.


Obverse the wordsAmerican Defence with beneath the Grecian figure “Colombia”. She represents America or libery holding a shield and sword and she is standing on an oak branch (Symbol of Strength). The oak leaves represents the strenght of the U.S.Army, Navy USMC and Coast Guard.

Reverse: Service during the limited emergency proclaimed by the President on September 8, 1939 or during the unlimited emergency proclaimed by the President on May 27, 1941

Source:
GI collector's Guide,Henri-Paul Enjames,2005
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/American_Defense_Service_Medal
medalsofamerica.com

American Defense Medal
American Defense Medal
American Defense Medal
American Defense Medal