Contenitore delle Munizioni per la Mitragliatrice BREDA Modello 1937
Ammunition Container for the BREDA Machine Gun Model 1937
The Mitragliatrice BREDA Modello 37 (BREDA Machine Gun Model 1937) is introduced in 1937 and was the standard heavy Machine Gun of the Regio Esercito (Royal Army) during World War II.
The BREDA Model 1937 is a gas-operated air-cooled gun mounted on a tripod which is fed by a feeding strip consisting of 20 rounds. This feeding strip reduces the ability to give constant fire, since it depends on the skills of a second member of the Machine Gun team to feed the gun with feeding strips in a timely matter.
The rounds of the BREDA Model 1937need to be oiled by an oil mechanism before entering the chamber to prevent the bullet cases getting stuck there. This is needed because the BREDA Model 1937 lacks the camming mechanism to remove the bullet cases. The oil attracts dust and dirt, which hampers the functioning of the Machine Gun.
A peculiarity of the weapon is that bullet cases of fired rounds are placed back into the feeding strip. This additional process has a negative effect on the rate of fire. This theoretically reaches 440 to 460 rounds a minute, but in practice this is 200 to 250. The initial velocity of the round is 780 m / s.. In addition, the BREDA Model 1937 tends to jam when a bullet case is not entirely correctly placed back into the feeding strip. In case the feeding strip must be reused, it is also necessary to first empty it.
The 20 rounds in the feeding strip are of the 8x59 mm BREDA Modello 35 type, which were first used in the Fiat Revelli Modello 14/35. The caliber has a wide range and good penetration ability. The pattern is a development of the 8x55 mm BREDA, which in its turn is a design based on the Swiss M11.
The ammunition is supplied in cartons containing 50 rounds.
Each round is placed in a separate compartment on the feeding strip. The feeding strip is 26.8 cm long and 9.2 cm wide.
The feeding strips are transported to the front in a wooden Ammunition Containers reinforced with metal strips. The Ammunition Containers are 28.8 cm high, 24.5 cm wide and 12.5 cm deep with two leather carrying straps, or 33 cm high 29 cm wide and 12 cm deep with a single leather carrying strap. In both cases there is room for 15 feeding strips for a total of 300 rounds.
Foreign users of the BREDA Model 37 were Spain and Portugal which both received them in 7.9x57 mm caliber. Spain produced the weapon from 1942 in limited numbers under a license by Fabrica Armas Oviedo. This version is not fed with feeding strips but with ammunition belts.
Germany gained large numbers of the BREDA Model 37 in 1944. These were re-chambered to 7.9x57 mm. Italy produced ammunition in this caliber for the Germans during 1944-45.
Armi portatili Artiglierie e Semoventi del Regio Esercito Italiano 1900-1943; Giulio Benussi; 1975
This Contenitore delle Munizioni per la Mitragliatrice BREDA Modello 1937 (Ammunition Container for the BREDA Machine Gun Model 1937) is 28.8 cm high 24.5 wide and 12.5 cm deep and equipped with two leather carrying straps.